Creativity in Blended Interaction Spaces - CIBIS

The Creativity in Blended Interaction Spaces (CIBIS) project develops and explores blended interaction spaces that support the creative potential of high-school students.

The objectives are to 1) demonstrate the potential for integrating multiple digital devices and analog materials in a shared environment, to support individual and group creativity, and 2) develop the theoretical foundation for the study of constraints on creativity, design ideas, generative design materials, and creative methods in design processes. As a foundation for achieving these objectives, CIBIS has established an interdisciplinary collaboration among researchers from the computer sciences, interaction design, and creativity research. This research is taking place in partnership with two major, innovative international companies (LEGO and Designit), three high schools, and the Academy for Talented Youth. International collaborators include Université Paris-Sud, City University, London, and Technische Universiteit, Eindhoven.

Research Questions

Today, more and more forms of human activity involve a repertoire of digital devices, ranging from cell phones to tablets and desktop computers, to electronic whiteboards and wall-sized displays. Whereas some integration across multiple devices is supported by access to shared data, for example, via cloud computing services, more sophisticated kinds of integration that connect devices and amplify their potential are limited. Interestingly, many creative practices, including important drivers in the Danish economy, such as design and architecture, still rely to a large extent on analog materials and tools, for instance, pen and paper, Post-it® notes, and whiteboards, which are neither connected to, nor supported digitally. As the engine for advancing research into ICT-supported creative practice, the CIBIS project develops and explores blended interaction spaces for supporting and developing the creative potential of young people at the high school level. The project explores the following research themes:

 1) Blended Interaction is interaction in physical environments augmented by ICT, to combine the power of digital computing and the physical environment. Blended Interaction seeks to combine the strengths of analog and digital artifacts in a complimentary way, so that the desired properties of each are preserved. Blended Interaction Spaces connect personal and collaborative computing, for example, by implementing personal devices such as phones and tablets as interaction tools for large, shared displays, or combining interactive tables and white­boards with analog tools, such as pen and paper. Research Question [RQ] 1 is key: What kind of software infrastructure can handle a dynamic mix of individual and shared, analog and digital devices and artifacts, and which interaction paradigm(s) scaffold the interweaving of individual and collaborative computer use?

2) Individual and social activities. CIBIS posits that the individual vs. social creation dichotomy is artificial: real-life creativity almost always takes place in both spheres, albeit at different times, which CIBIS investigates by addressing RQ2: How can Blended Interaction Spaces facilitate the seamless integration of individual creative sessions with collaborative ones, allowing ideas to travel across platforms and contextual boundaries?

3) Constraints on Creativity. Although constraints act as obstructions, by determining what cannot be done, they also give rise to new opportunities, and inspire creative breakthroughs, which leads to RQ3: What is the nature of constraints on creativity, and how can they be balanced and managed in a creative process?

4) Transformation of design ideas. It is generally acknowledged that sources of inspiration play a crucial role in creative processes, which leads to RQ4: How can we conceptualize the emergence of design ideas, and the transformation of design ideas across devices in Blended Interaction Spaces?

5) Generative design materials. D. Schön coined the term “generative metaphors,” indicating the generation of new perceptions, explanations, and inventions. CIBIS extends the concept to generative design materials, to examine RQ5: How can generative design materials, digital and analog, spark ideation, and generate momentum in a creative process?

6) Creativity-supporting approaches. A number of interaction design methods support ideation and creativity. CIBIS will provide a systematic overview of such approaches, as part of a strategy of investigating RQ6: How can creativity be supported and/or augmented by Blended Interaction Spaces, and how can new approaches harness the potential of Blended Interaction Spaces?

Management

Kim Halskov

ProfessorSchool of Communication and Culture - Information Science
M
H bldg. 5335, 255
P +4587161982
P +4528992251

Susanne Bødker

ProfessorDepartment of Computer Science

Peter Dalsgaard

School of Communication and Culture - Information Science

Bo Christensen

Professor with special responsibilities, PhDCBS - Department of Marketing
M
P +4538152123

People

Professors and associate professors

Susanne Bødker

ProfessorDepartment of Computer Science

Peter Dalsgaard

School of Communication and Culture - Information Science

Kim Halskov

ProfessorSchool of Communication and Culture - Information Science
M
H bldg. 5335, 255
P +4587161982
P +4528992251

Eve Hoggan

Associate professorDepartment of Computer Science

Clemens Nylandsted Klokmose

Associate professorSchool of Communication and Culture - Centre for Advanced Visualisation and Interaction

Bo Christensen

Professor with special responsibilities, PhDCBS - Department of Marketing
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P +4538152123

Postdocs and assistant professors

Michael Mose Biskjær

Assistant ProfessorSchool of Communication and Culture - Information Science

Graham Dove

PostdocSchool of Communication and Culture - Participatory Information Technology

Nicolai Brodersen Hansen

PostdocSchool of Communication and Culture - Centre for Advanced Visualisation and Interaction

Mads Møller Jensen

PostdocDepartment of Computer Science

Roman Rädle

PostdocSchool of Communication and Culture - Participatory Information Technology

Morten Friis-Olivarius

Postdoc, PhDCBS - Department of Marketing
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P +4538152143

PhD students and research assistants

Jeanette Falk Olesen

PhD StudentSchool of Communication and Culture - Information Science

Nanna Inie

PhD StudentSchool of Communication and Culture - Centre for Advanced Visualisation and Interaction

Caroline Emilie Lundqvist

Research AssistantSchool of Communication and Culture - Information Science

Sille Julie Jøhnk Abildgaard

Research AssistantCBS - Department of Marketing
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P +4538153842

Publications

2017

Dove, Graham; Halskov, Kim; Forlizzi, Jodi; Zimmerman, John. UX Design Innovation: Challenges for Working with Machine Learning as a Design Material. In: CHI - conference for Human-Computer Interaction, 2017.

Jens Mueller, Roman Rädle, and Harald Reiterer. 2017. Remote Collaboration With Mixed Reality Displays: How Shared Virtual Landmarks Facilitate Spatial Referencing. To appear in: Proceedings of the 35th annual ACM conference on Human factors in computing systems (CHI ’17), ACM Press, May 2017.

Roman Rädle and Clemens N. Klokmose. 2017. Paper accepted, toolkit abandoned. HCITools: Strategies and Best Practices for Designing, Evaluating and Sharing Technical HCI Toolkits. Workshop in conjunction with CHI ’17.

Thomas Plank, Hans-Christian Jetter, Roman Rädle, Clemens N. Klokmose, Thomas Luger, and Harald Reiterer. 2017. Is Two Enough?! Studying Benefits, Barriers, and Biases of Multi-Tablet Use for Collaborative Visualization To appear in: Proceedings of the 35th annual ACM conference on Human factors in computing systems (CHI ’17), ACM Press, May 2017.​

2016

Bardzell, J., Bardzell, S., Dalsgaard, P., Gross, S., & Halskov, K. (2016) Documenting the Research Through Design Process. To appear in Proceedings of Designing Interactive Systems, Brisbane Juni 2016.

Basman, Antranig; Church, Luke; Klokmose, Clemens Nylandsted; Clark, Colin. Software and How it Lives On - Embedding Live Programs in the World Around Them.In: Psychology of Programming 2016, 2016.

Bouvin, Niels Olof; Klokmose, Clemens Nylandsted. Classical Hypermedia Virtues on the Web with Webstrates. Proceedings of the 27th ACM Conference on Hypertext and Social Media. Association for Computing Machinery, 2016. p. 207-212.

Biskjaer, M. M., Dalsgaard, P., Halskov, K., 11.2016, "Taking Action on Distraction"Interactions (New York), vol. 23, nr. 6, s. 48-53.

Bødker, Susanne; Klokmose, Clemens Nylandsted. Dynamics, Multiplicity and Conceptual Blends in HCI. In: Proceedings of the 2016 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2016, p. 2538-2548.

Christensen, B. T. & Ball, L. J. (accepted). Creative Analogy Use in a Heterogeneous Design Team:The Pervasive Role of Background Domain Knowledge. Design Studies.

Christensen, B. T. & Ball, L. J. (2016). Dimensions of Creative Evaluation: Distinct Design and Reasoning Strategies for Aesthetic, Functional and Originality Judgments. Design Studies, 45(A), 116-136.

Dalsgaard, Peter. Experimental Systems in Research through Design. Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI ’16). ACM Conference on Computer-Human Interaction, 2016.

Dalsgaard, P., Halskov, K., Bardzell, J., Bardzell, S., Lucero, A., 2016, "Documenting Design Research Processes"Proceedings of the 2016 conference on Designing interactive systems (DIS '16), Association for Computing Machinery.

Dalsgaard, P., Halskov, K., Wiethoff, A., 2016, "Designing Media Architecture: Tools and Approaches for Addressing the Main Design Challenges"Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI ’16), Association for Computing Machinery.

Dove, G., Abildgaard, S. J., Biskjaer, M. M., Hansen, N. B., Christensen, B. T., Halskov, K., 14.11.2016, "Grouping Notes Through NodesThe Functions of Post-It™ Notes in Design Team Cognition"

Dove, G., Halskov, K., Hansen, N. B., 27.10.2016, "An Argument for Design Space Reflection"NordiCHI '16: Proceedings of the 9th Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction.

Klokmose, Clemens N.; Eagan, James; Baader, Siemen; Mackay, Wendy; Beaudouin-Lafon, Michel. Webstrates : Demonstrating the potential of shareable dynamic media. Proceedings of the 19th ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing Companion, CSCW 2016 Companion. Vol. 26-February-2016 Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2016. p. 61-64.

Korsgaard, Henrik; Klokmose, Clemens Nylandsted. Composition and mediation in cross-surface interaction. 2016. Paper presented at Cross-Surface: Challenges and Opportunities for ‘bring your own device’ in the wild, San Jose, United States.

Korsgaard, H., Klokmose, C.N., and Bødker, S. (2016) Computational alternatives in participatory design - Putting the T back in Socio-Technical research. To appear in Proceedings of the 14th Participatory Design Conference (PDC '16). ACM.

Lucero, Andres; Dalsgaard, Peter; Halskov, Kim; Buur, Jacob. Designing with Cards. Collaboration in Creative Design: Methods and Tools. ed. / Panos Markopoulos; Jean Bernard Martens; J Malins; K Coninx; A Liapis. Springer Verlag, 2016.

Rädle, Roman Georg; Klokmose, Clemens Nylandsted; Jetter, Hans-Christian. 2016. A Proposal for a Taxonomy to Survey the State-of-the-Art of Multi-Device Technologies Paper presented at Cross-Surface: Challenges and Opportu- nities of Spatial and Proxemic Interaction, Niagara Falls, Canada.

Zagermann, Johannes; Pfeil, Ulrike; Rädle, Roman; Jetter, Hans-Christian; Klokmose, Clemens Nylandsted; Reiterer, Harald. When Tablets meet Tabletops: The Effect of Tabletop Size on Around-the-Table Collaboration with Personal Tablets. In: Proceedings of the 2016 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2016, p. 5470-5481.

2015

Baader, S. and S. Bødker (2015). SketchCode – An Extensible Code Editor for Crafting Software. End-User Development Vol. 9083 Lecture Notes in Computer Science pp 211-216.

Biskjaer, Michael Mose; Dalsgaard, Peter; Halskov, Kim. 2015. Digitising an Analogue Design Ideation Method. 2015. Proceedings of ACM Creativity & Cognition 2015, Glasgow, United Kingdom.

Casakin, H., Ball, L. J., Christensen, B. T., & Badke-Schaub, P. G. (2015). How do Analogizing and Mental Simulation Influence Team Dynamics in Innovative Product Design. AIEDAM, 29(2), 173-183.

Christensen (2015). Iterations on a designerly science. In V. Svihla & R. Reeve (eds). Design as Scholarship: case studies from the learning sciences. Abingdon: Routledge.

Christensen, B. T. & Ball, L. J. (2015). Dimensions of Creative Evaluation: Distinct Design and Reasoning Strategies for Aesthetic, Functional and Originality Judgments. In R. Adams, P. Buzzanell, & J. A. Siddiqui (eds). Analyzing Design Review Conversations. Purdue University Press.

Christensen, B. T., Kristensen, T., & Reber, R. (2015). Contributions of perceived creativity and beauty to willingness-to-pay for design products. International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation, Vol3(3-4), 164-176.

Erz, A. & Christensen, B. T. (2015a). Can you say my name? Effects of phonological fluency on memory of nonword brand names. French-Austrian-German Workshop on Consumer Behavior. *FAG Best Paper Award.

Klokmose, C. N., Eagan, J. R., Baader, S., Mackay, W., & Beaudouin-Lafon, M. (2015, November). Webstrates: Shareable Dynamic Media. In Proceedings of the 28th Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software & Technology (UIST) (pp. 280-290). ACM.

Kristina Höök, Jeffrey Bardzell, Simon Bowen, Peter Dalsgaard, Stuart Reeves, and Annika Waern. 2015. Framing IxD knowledge. interactions 22, 6 (October 2015), 32-36

2014

Christensen, B. T., & Ball, L. J. (2014). Studying Design Cognition in the Real World Using the 'In Vivo' Methodology. In P. Rodgers & J. Yee (eds.) The Routledge Companion to Design Research, pp 317-328. Abingdon: Routledge.

Nicolai Brodersen Hansen, Kim Halskov. 2014. Material Interactions with Tangible Tabletops: a Pragmatist Perspective. In Proceedings of the 8th Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction: Fun, Fast, Foundational (NordiCHI ’14). ACM, New York, NY, USA.